Wellow Hall
Wellow Village | Nottinghamshire
    The first person in England to receive an amputation under “ Mesmerism “ (Hypnotism ). Information supplied by: Tony Bak  Let us start in Maplebeck where James Womble , the son of William Womble and Ruth Chambers was baptised  on May 27th 1802. In 1811 it is noted that William ran the “ Gate Inn “ later  becoming The Beehive Inn, an Ale House which was the smallest public house in England until 1977. James Woombill a servant from Maplebeck, living in Bilsthorpe  married Jane Bean also a servant, from the village of Wellow. (Wellow is approximately 6 miles from Maplebeck). They married in the Parish Church of Wellow on the 20th December 1838. In 1841 James and Jane were living in Wellow with their young son George aged 2; James being a labourer. In 1842 it became apparent that James had a major health problem with one of his legs. The following is from an account read to the Royal Medical and Chirurgical Society of London .  “The following account of a case of successful amputation of the thigh, during the mesmeric state, without the knowledge of the patient.” James Wombell a labouring man of a calm and quiet temperament had been suffering for about 5 years from a painful affection of the left knee. On the 21st of June 1842 he was admitted into the hospital at Wellow, no longer able to work and suffering much pain. (In the early 1840’s a small hospital and dispensary was created on the west side of Wellow Hall ). It was soon found that the amputation of the leg above the knee joint was inevitable. It was eventually proposed that it should be performed if possible during mesmeric sleep ! Mr Topham, “ Mesmeriser” of Middle Temple and Dr Ward Esq the surgeon were appointed to do the operation. Mr Topham first saw James on the 9th  September and stated that Wombell was sitting upright on a bed in the hospital, the only position that he could bear! He complained of much pain from his knee and of much excitability and loss of strength from his constant restlessness and deprivation of sleep For he had not during the three previous weeks slept more than two hours in seventy! Mr Topham’s first attempt to mesmerise James lasted 35 minutes, the only effect was him closing his eyes lids with the quivering appearance peculiar to mesmeric sleep. And though awake and speaking he could not raise them until after the lapse of one minute and a half! James was continually mesmerised every day until 24th September, his susceptibility gradually increasing so that on the 23rd the sleep was produced for four minutes and a half. The duration of this sleep varied , continuing generally for half an hour, sometimes for an hour  and occasionally for one hour and a half. Invariably he was found awakened by the violent pain from his knee, which recurred at uncertain intervals. The third time that he was seen he was suffering great agony ! Mr Topham commenced by making passes , longitudinally over the diseased knee. In five minutes James felt comparatively easy and on  proceeding further  to mesmerise him at the expiration of ten minutes he was sleeping like an infant! Not only were his arms violently pinched but also the diseased leg itself, without him exhibiting any sensation; yet this limb was so sensitive to pain in his natural state he could not bear even the slightest covering to rest upon it . That night he slept seven hours without interruption! After constantly mesmerising him for ten or twelve days a great change was observed in his appearance. The hue of health returned, he became cheerful, felt much stronger; was easier both in mind and body; slept well and recaptured his appetite! On September 22nd he was first appraised of the necessity of an early amputation, the communication affected him considerably. He was seen again on the 28th,, he was looking cheerful and healthy, his natural sleep was sound and regular and his pain soothed and diminished. Mr Topham was now convinced that the operation might be safely attempted during mesmeric sleep and with James consent the operation was fixed for Saturday October 1st. When the operation was complete and James gradually and calmly awoke he uttered no exclamation and for some moments seemed lost and bewildered; but after looking around he exclaimed, “ I bless the Lord to find it’s all over !”   He was asked to describe all he felt and knew after being mesmerised. He replied, “ I never knew anything more and never felt any pain at all . I once felt as if I heard a kind of crunching but had no pain at all ! The crunching no doubt was the sawing of his own thigh bone. James and Jane relocated to Carlton on Trent between 1843 and 1845, living in the Parish Cottages / Poor Houses. In the 1871 census it states that James was a labourer and pauper with one leg. James and Jane spent the rest of their lives in Carlton-on-Trent raising a further 6 children. Jane was buried March 14th 1874 and James buried February 15th 1876 both in Carlton on Trent.  
Wellow Village
The Wellow Village Website
Information supplied by: Tony Bak